When chemical weapons first appeared in Syria, the response was swift and merciless.
A series of chemical weapons attacks claimed thousands of lives, including a number of children.
The chemical attack in Idlib province in August 2013, on the edge of the rebel-held city, left more than 100 people dead.
The US launched cruise missiles at the Syrian regime’s airbase in Latakia province in retaliation, and the United Nations Security Council imposed tough sanctions against the regime.
But with the Syrian conflict now at a stalemate, there is growing concern about the risks of chemical attacks in the country.
The world is watching as Syria continues to barrel bombs and barrel bombs, barrel bombs of toxic chemicals, chemical weapons.
The Syrian conflict is a global tragedy that has claimed more than 150,000 lives, according to the UN.
But while chemical weapons have been used in war before, these are the first in recent history to be used in the context of the Syrian war.
The use of chemical warfare has been described as a war crime, but the international community has been largely silent on the issue, with the United States, Russia and China the most vociferous.
What is a chemical weapons attack?
Chemical weapons are a group of weapons containing chemicals that can cause illness, birth defects or death.
The UN defines a chemical weapon as one that is capable of inflicting significant injury to human beings or animals, or of causing damage to health, national security or external environment, and is capable, with certainty, of causing injury to persons or damage to property.
These weapons can include nerve agents, chlorine, mustard gas, sarin, saphir, VX and VX-200, the most powerful of the chemical weapons of the 1950s and 1960s.
How can we prevent a chemical attack?
There are a number different ways to avoid an attack.
One of the most effective methods is to be very careful of where you are when you are near chemical weapons, especially if you are not in a safe location.
There are two types of people who can be vulnerable to chemical attacks: civilians and combatants.
Civilians: civilians are often in close proximity to the sites of chemical attack.
This is the most common risk for civilians.
They are particularly vulnerable to being exposed to toxins from the air, ground or water, because they are exposed to the poisonous gas by the bombs and chemicals in the attack, which can result in breathing difficulties, coughing, shortness of breath, and severe pain.
The effects of exposure to a chemical can last for days or even weeks.
When civilians are exposed, they are not always able to identify the chemicals or identify the location of the attack site, and this is where the danger comes into play.
When you see a child or an elderly person who is exposed to a nerve agent, don’t panic, but instead look at their body language, breathing and movement, and ask yourself: Are they breathing normally?
Are they doing well?
If the answer is no, you may have been exposed to something in the air.
When fighting begins, you need to be on your toes.
There have been instances in which the Syrian government has used civilians as human shields.
These tactics have been condemned by the United Kingdom and the European Union.
They include the practice of shelling civilian areas with chemical weapons when the fighting is on the move, or the shelling of civilian areas to prevent them from receiving humanitarian aid.
When there is a high probability that chemical weapons will be used, you can take steps to prevent it.
These include: Avoiding places where you have a naturalised Syrian citizen.
Many Syrian citizens have travelled to Europe or the United America to seek asylum, and there are reports that the Syrian authorities have deployed hundreds of soldiers to the European city of Kourou to enforce the UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights’ (SOHR) report on alleged chemical attacks on civilians in the Syrian city of Homs in early October.
Avoiding areas where there are chemical weapons sites.
Chemical weapons sites can be easily spotted by people who live nearby, as well as by any other civilians who have been in the area and can be used to identify a chemical site.
Avoid areas where people have been living for a long time.
The presence of chemical facilities in these areas will not help identify the site of a chemical assault.
If a person is living near a chemical facility, they should be aware that it can be difficult to determine the location and identity of the site.
If you are at a chemical facilities, you should immediately notify the authorities of the location, which should be in a populated area.
Avoid sites where there is heavy shelling or bombardment.
The shelling and bombardment can be devastating to a village.
When a town or city is struck by chemical weapons and the local population is unable to evacuate to safe areas, the attacks can spread quickly and cause mass casualties.
When chemical warfare occurs, it is likely that the people living in the affected areas will be targeted by the shelling